Teaching at Italian conservatories was regulated by a 1918 law for over 80 years. In 1999, following approval of the reform law no. 508, intended to reform higher-level music education to European programs, the Three-year level I and two-year level II academic programs were introduced. While this complex program of reforms – still ongoing – was being introduced, the previous study programs were kept in place before being definitively cancelled by subsequent laws. It is now no longer possible to enrol for the old system: the courses are in place “until completion”, i.e., only to allow those students who commenced them to finish them. The training in the first years of the old system courses is now incorporated into the Pre-college courses.